What is Covid-19? Symptoms, Treatment and How its Spreads

There are many viruses in the world which may cause serious diseases.

Coronavirus is one of those hazardous viruses. This virus has caused a pandemic worldwide respiratory illness that is called Coronavirus (COVID-19)

It started in China and Wuhan in December 2019 and now it is spreading internationally.

Many affected people’s deaths have been recorded in the whole world.

It can be spread from one human to others that are the main reason it is so dangerous.

Still, there is no proper vaccine yet. Symptoms of an affected person appear in 14 days.

Hold On! Firstly, it is essential to know that what is Coronavirus? Furthermore, how to prevent this?

Let’s talk about this.

What-is-Covid-19-Symptoms,-Treatment-and-How-its-Spreads

What is Coronavirus?

Word Corona means “Crown” that’s why it is crown-shaped and only sees in an electron microscope.

Coronavirus is a type of viruses and spreads so fast. Fundamentally, this virus itself is called SARS-COV-2.

It is common in animals, and since last year it has been spreading in humans to humans—this virus-like some respiratory diseases.

Types of Coronavirus (COVID-19):

Every year an estimated 290,000 to 650,000 people die in the world due to complications from seasonal flu viruses.

SARS (Nov 2002 to July 2003): was a coronavirus that originated from Beijing, China, and other 29 countries, and in resulted, many people had been infected.

In COVID-19 exceed SARS on Jan 29, 2020, when Chinese officials confirmed 5,978 cases of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV).

After sometime Jan 30, 2020, the novel coronavirus cases worldwide which were the final SARS count in 2003.

MERS (in 2012): killed many people and others were infected.

Origin of Coronavirus (COVID-19)

The origin of this pandemic was the Wuhan province of China.

Initially, there were many cases of pneumonia reported and there was no specific reason for this disease.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) reports, thousands of people were reported who were infected by this disease.

In January 2020, according to researchers, it was declared that this is happening due to a hazardous virus named Coronavirus.

There are many hypotheses and research studies that show how it got started.

Some say that it belongs to Bats, some say consumption of seafood could be the cause.

But there is no proper answer to this question.

Investigations and studies are still going on how it originated and spread.

Coronavirus disease

After researching blood samples of infected people of Wuhan, the disease which was spreading by Coronavirus.

It was named COVID-19 by the World Health Organization(WHO).

This virus has spread a pandemic worldwide respiratory disease.

Symptoms of COVID-19

COVID-19s symptoms include

  • Cough
  • Muscles pain
  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Problem in breathing
  • No feelings of taste & smell
  • Sore throat
  • Diarrhea

COVID-19 is a severe disease. If it wouldn’t be treated carefully it may cause death.

Note: “Some specialist’s doctors have another list of symptoms in which include loss of smell, stomach pain, and sore eyes.”

How this disease spreads

Current situations, facts, and figures are telling that human to human transmission is occurring.

The sneezing or coughing spreads it by the infected person of COVID-19.

The droplets sneeze, or cough of an infected person travel to the distance of some feet in the air.

If the next person is standing so close to the infected person so, he may also be affected quickly.

This will continue so on if no precautionary measures are taken.

The incubation period of COVID-19

Symptoms of this disease mostly start appearing within 14 days. It may spread in groups of all ages.

People who are above 50 years’ age group and who are having a weak immune system like they are suffering any kind of disease like

  • Diabetes
  • Respiratory disease
  • Lungs problem
  • Cancer
  • Stomach ulcer
  • Kidney diseases

Are coronavirus bacteria or a virus?

The new virus is spreading so fast in the whole world that it is called Coronavirus (COVID-19).

It is spread through droplets when infected people sneeze or cough.

Recovery time for the COVID-19

Everybody knows this disease is harmful and spreads rapidly.

The recovery time of Coronavirus (COVID-19) is about two weeks.

In critical condition, the patient recovers within six weeks.

Are antibiotics works against the coronavirus disease?

No, antibiotics do not work against COVID-19.

It is a virus and, therefore, antibiotics should not be used for this treatment.

Is coronavirus transmitted in hot or clammy climates?

According to scientific research, it can be transmitted in all areas, including hot climates.

One of the best ways is to protect by frequently wash hands, cover the face with a mask.

Treatment of COVID-19

There is no vaccination or medicine for this disease has been discovered yet.

The only treatment for this disease is care, social distancing, isolation.

Also avoiding transmission of the disease.

When should we look for medical help?

If we have a fever and dry cough, these are early symptoms of Coronavirus.

The government advises that self-isolation for seven days.

because we have lived with family members they are also infected, so please protect others.

How we can avoid transmission of Coronavirus

Coronavirus is a silent killer. It attacks so silently that the person came to know about its disease after a 14 days’ incubation period.

So we should take advanced precautionary measures. Like:

  • Fold we cough while sneezing or coughing.
  • Always use new tissue.
  • Perform hand hygiene frequently with an alcohol-based hand rub if our hands are not visibly dirty or with soap and water if hands are dirty.
  • Do not touch eyes, mouth, and nose without washing hands.
  • Wear a medical mask and gloves while going out of home for any particular or essential work.
  • Use disinfectants to kill the germs.
  • Avoid visiting people and also stop others from visiting our place.
  • Maintain a social distance of at least 2 meters or 6 feet.

How to ‘Self Isolate’ If we think might have Coronavirus?

If you think we have infected with Coronavirus, then we should try to isolate it.
1. Stay at home
2. Do not go outside places.
3. Do not use public transport
4. Family and friends provide food, medicines, and other essential accessories.

How can we protect our Family from COVID-19?

Children are significant vectors for spreading viruses because they are physically interacting with each other.

In this situation, we should give awareness to children about germs and the cause of germs.

This virus mostly appears older people who are affected by diseases like kidney infection and diabetes.
1. Keep your house clean, especially kitchen, bathrooms and their door handles, also lights of switches.
2. Keep your house airy.
3. using clean clothes because viruses passed one place to another.

What about face masks and also they work correctly?

A paper mask is not recommended because they are ill-fitting. If you wear masks, then they protect you by spreading viruses.

Does COVID-19 cause death?

More than four lakhs plus deaths have been attributed on June 10, 2020.
Maximum 3,389,151 people have recovered from the illness.

Conclusion:

Coronavirus (COVID-19) disease continuously spreading across all over the world that is difficult to predict. The only and best way is to maintain a social distance between others and frequently wash our hands.

Poonam Javed
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